But the most important physical evidence of contact between the Vikings and the Islamic world is the ring found in a grave of a woman near Birka. Muslims vs Vikings “And were it not for Allāh’s repelling some men with others, the earth would certainly be in a state of disorder; but Allāh is Gracious to the creatures” The Ummah of the best of the Messengers, the imam of the messengers, most beloved of the Messengers, Muhammad (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) is one which is raised in distinction by Allāh as the greatest Ummah. '” The amnesia, he continues, “affects the minds of present and future generations and distorts their attitudes and perceptions of the role of other cultures, particularly Muslim, in building the present civilization.” It should be noted, however, that both the Vikings and Muslims had interacted with civilizations and gained knowledge from these interactions. ( Log Out / There is a period, as Salim T. S. Al-Hassani notes, of 1,000 years missing from Western educational systems. The fourth Emir of Cordoba, Abd al-Rahman II, sent al-Gazal to the king of the ‘Majus’. October 2, 2020, 2:44 pm, by An engraved ring has suggested evidence of close contact between Viking Age Scandinavians and the Islamic world, more than a century after it was discovered. Though the Dorset (a society of Arctic people ... From “The Viking World” Edited by … June 26, 2019, 2:53 pm, by Hot The trade between the Rus and the lands south of the Black and Caspian seas made it possible for cultural interactions to take place between the Rus and the Islamic World. But did you know that there might have been some contact between the Islamic world and the Vikings? Hafsah Dabiri The Vikings returned to attack the Iberian peninsula in 859. However, this is another proof of how huge and impressive the Abassid Caliphate must have been. Sumaya El-Zaher Environment and trade Environment and Trade: Viking Age Between the eighth and eleventh centuries, Vikings not only raided, but traded far and wide. In the modern-era, as the Washington Post notes, Scandinavian countries have become known for their sometimes awkward embrace of migrants from the “Muslim world.” But the history behind that relationship goes back far further than many people might expect, as this post explores. The patterns woven with silk and silver thread spell the words “Allah” and “Ali,” the BBC notes. Others have speculated that the Viking woman might have been a convert to Islam. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Ibn Fadlan’s describes the Rus as ‘perfect physical specimens, tall as date palms, blond and ruddy’. I absolutely enjoyed the part where the fictional characters visited Sicily and then the Islamic wold the meet an Emir , crossing the desert. The inscription is translated as “for/to Allah”. The ring is made of silver alloy and colored glass with an inscription in Cufic Arabic. Scholars in Baghdad and other Muslim majority lands, as Ghazanfar discussed, had also given the Vikings a reputation of being “merchant warriors whose primary focus was on trades.” Hugh Kennedy, author of Muslim Spain and Portugal: A Political History of Al-Andalus, wrote that Vikings are said to have converted to Islam and established settlements in southeast Seville, where they became well-known cheese traders. According to Thomas S. Noonan’s book Supply-Side Sustainability, “Viking traders brought Abbasid silver coins in great quantities to Scandinavia; thousands have been found in Russia and the Baltic.” Noonan also highlights that it was a cache of dirhams (coins in Arabic) “that helped fuel the Viking Age.” He claims the dirham to be of such power that it was used as the common currency in Viking cities like York, England and Dublin, Ireland in the 10th and 12th centuries. The Vikings and The Islamic World Series (3 book series) Kindle Edition Years later, under the reign of Abd ar-Rahman II (822-852), Viking ships sailed up the Guadalquivir River to attack Seville, a main city of Al-Andalus. In one of his accounts about his travels he describes “Schleswig”, i.e. The woman in the grave, who died in the 9th century, was discovered by Swedish archaeologist Hjalmar Stolpe, who spent years excavating the Birka grave sites. This empire had contact with different cultures around the world, such as the Indians and Chinese in the east, and the Byzantines in the west, which led to the establishment of trade networks between Asia, Africa and Europe. ( Log Out / May 1, 2020, 5:34 pm, Trending Volume 1 includes coverage of field archaeology, various approaches used in this work including the Cultural Interaction Theory and Approach (CITA), the Viking and Islamic World on the eve of contact with one another, early contact between the Vikings and the Islamic world, Muslim and Scandinavian views of one another, the Vikings and Muslim Spain, Muslim Spain’s envoys to the … Another major breakthrough came several years ago when researchers found a female tomb revealed at the historic trading center of Birka, Sweden. But the story struck a chord because it builds on accurate scholarship that shows that the Viking era included extensive contact with the Islamic world as well as other distant locales. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. It is well-known among researchers that the Vikings, those Scandinavian warriors who roamed the seas between the 9th and 11th centuries, made contact with the Islamic world. July 23, 2016, 5:24 pm. After the defeat, the Vikings preferred instead to serve as mercenaries, or trade in valuable commodities such as slaves. ‘Majus’ is another word for fireworshipers and in this instance the Vikings. These 6 Sudano-Sahelian Mosques in Africa Are Astonishing! With these early accounts of Vikings expeditions, it is very likely they had interactions with the Islamic world. Sumeyye Copoglu Contact between the Viking and Muslim worlds has long been established by historic accounts and the discovery of Islamic coins across the northern hemisphere. In an interview with the BBC, Larsson suggested that some of those in the Scandinavian graves were Muslim. November 1, 2017, 12:05 am, by Following the Vikings’ retreat, Al-Rahman established a navy, the first of its kind in Al-Andalus, and sent diplomats to start peace talks with the Vikings. When people typically think about interactions the vikings had with non-vikings, they think of what Christian monks wrote about the "godless" heathens and their spiky "horned hats" (vikings didn't wear horned hats). She became interested in the forgotten fragments after realizing the material had come from Central Asia, Persia and China. by The ring could have been war spoil or a gift. ( Log Out / The Vikings & The Islamic World book. The inscription is translated as “for/to Allah”. Discovered more than a century ago in a Swedish grave, a ring bearing an Arabic inscription confirms contact between the Vikings and the Islamic world. It is surely not the question if there was interaction between the Islamic World and the Vikings, it is just not clear if their relationship was purely for trade or if some of them converted to Islam. “Contacts between Vikings and Arabs/Muslims were both peaceful and violent. The ring is made of silver alloy and colored glass with an inscription in Cufic Arabic. The trade, battles and many other interactions between Muslims and Vikings is reported to have been so intertwined that such discovered artefacts from their day to day lifestyle – whether Vikings converted to Islam or not – should be perceived as commonplace. While the Vikings are perhaps best known for accumulating wealth by plunder, tribute, and conquest, they were also skilled and successful traders.The Vikings developed several trading centres both in Scandinavia and abroad as well as a series of long-distance trading routes during the Viking Age (c. 8th Century AD to 11th Century AD). Ancient texts tell of encounters between Viking Age Scandavia and the Islamic world, but material evidence supporting the interaction of these two civilizations is rare. Researchers have also claimed that the appearance of the ring in Birka shows direct contact between Viking society and the Abbasid Caliphate the once dominated much of the Middle East and North Africa.