WHITEHEAD, ROBERT (1823–1905), inventor, born at Mount Pleasant, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancashire, on 3 Jan. 1823, was one of a family of four sons and four daughters of James Whitehead (1788–1872), the owner of a cotton-bleaching business at Bolton-le-Moors, … When Whitehead retired, the Whitehead family sold the company to two large British armaments companies, Vickers and Armstrong-Whitworth. Dissatisfied with the device, which he called the "coast-saver",[9] Luppis turned to Robert Whitehead, who then worked for Stabilimento Tecnico Fiumano, a factory in Fiume, Austria. By 1877, the Whitehead torpedo was attaining speeds of 18 mph for ranges of 830 yards. He was trained as an engineer and draughtsman, and attended the Mechanics’ Institute, Manchester and was later employed at a shipyard in Toulon, France, for Philip Taylor & Sons. – later Whitehead & Co., Societa in Azioni. Robert Whitehead : biography 3 January 1823 – 14 November 1905 In 1940, the German heavy cruiser Blücher was sunk during the invasion of Norway by two, at that time very antiquated, Whitehead torpedoes, launched underwater from fixed, shore-mounted tubes. The other parts of the shell of the torpedo were made of thin sheet steel. What follows is the story of how Giovanni Luppis and Robert Whitehead produced the first torpedo in the city of Rijeka. Whitehead is most famous for developing the first effective self-propelled naval torpedo. Torpedo's van dit type werden gebruikt door de meeste zeemachten tot aan de … The man responsible for the vision of the torpedo was Giovanni Luppis, it was originally 1 metre long, had glass wings, it had to be controlled through ropes for manoeuvring and you had to shoot the torpedo from land. This day in 1875 marked the death of Giovanni Luppis, the discoverer of a weapon that what was later developed into the torpedo, which became an irreplaceable asset in naval warfare. British engineer Robert Whitehead invented and patented the first self-propelled torpedo that was proven to be effective in combat, known as the Whitehead Torpedo. The Royal Navy fitted the Whitehead torpedo on its earliest submarines, from the HMS Holland 1 onwards. returning the torpedo to its correct course after it had deviated due to wind or wave action. Required fields are marked *, The SciHi Blog is made with enthusiasm by, Robert Whitehead – Changing the Game of Naval Warfare with the Torpedo, Though the product was promising, the torpedo did not produce profits for, , which went bankrupt in 1873. In 1866 British engineer Robert Whitehead invented the first effective self-propelled torpedo, the eponymous Whitehead torpedo. [3] This early torpedo proved itself in combat during the Russo-Turkish War when, on January 16, 1878, the Turkish ship Intibah was sunk by Russian torpedo boats carrying Whiteheads. Even though Whitehead was able to make further enhancements, a few problems remained including the issue of course correction, i.e. The first automatic torpedo was produced in 1868 by the English engineer, Robert Whitehead. Verified Purchase. Both models could do 8-10 knots with a range of 200 yards. [9] In 1868, Whitehead introduced a solution to the stability problem for his torpedo: Pendulum-and-hydrostat control. drain-holes E. shaft-tube F. steering-engine G. bevel-gear box H. depth-index I. tail K. charging and stop-valves L. locking-gear M. engine bed-plate P. primer-case R. rudder S. steering-rod tube T. guide-stud UU. Who Invented it? Robert Whitehead with a battered test torpedo, Rijeka (c. 1875).