The Gorgan Plain with its defensive monuments of the Sassanid era, contemporary to a large-scale urban foundation, provides a microcosm of one of the ancient world’s largest states. MyChannel2016 Published August 25, 2016 2,389 Views Further evidence for a high level of organization of the Sassanian armed forces is provided by hinterland campaign bases, each of ca. The route of the Gorgan Wall and the associated canal had to follow a natural gradient, evidence for remarkable skills in hydraulic engineering by its creators. Log in; Skip to content. 121-173. The Gorgan Plain with its defensive monuments of the Sassanid era, contemporary to a large-scale urban foundation, provides a microcosm of one of the ancient world’s largest states. This wall is noted in the Historical documents as Eskandar Dam, Anushirwan Dam, Firouz Dam and Qezel Alan. Much better preserved are those elements of the defensive system built of soil or mud-brick. The Great Wall of Gorgan, also called the “The Red Snake” or “Alexander’s Barrier” is the second-longest defensive wall (after the Great Wall of China), which ran for 121 miles from a narrowing between the Caspian Sea north of Gonbade Kavous (ancient Gorgan, or Jorjan in Arabic) and the Pishkamar mountains of north-eastern Iran. Discover (and save!) While preservation varies from place to place and tends to be better in the east than in the west, the Wall is still recognisable as a distinct landscape feature for most of its course. The Great Wall of Gorgan posed exceptional engineering challenges. It may even join up with the Tammisheh Wall, a shorter defensive barrier of strikingly similar design. The Gorgan Wall and its associated ancient military monuments provide a unique testimony to the engineering skills and military organization of the Sassanian Empire. The Great Wall of Gorgan is one of the most elaborate defensive barriers ever erected and arguably the most sophisticated of its time (i.e. They help to explain its geographic extent, from Mesopotamia to the west of the Indian Subcontinent, and how effective border defence contributed to the Empire’s prosperity in the interior and to its longevity. This required a supplier canal system of extraordinary scale and sophistication (see introduction), not to mention one brick kiln every 37-86 m, maybe 3,000-7,000 in total. Whether or not they were parts of a single barrier, the Gorgan and Tammisheh Walls and their associated forts certainly formed part of the same defensive system. Under the Arsacid Empire, the Great Wall of Gorgan, a series of forts and outposts with the plains of Hyrcania, was constructed to aid in the defence of Hyrcania against raids undertaken by the neighbouring Dahae tribes. Noté /5. This wall together with its monumental ensembles and other architecturally associated spaces has presented a significant combination with defensive importance. An international team of archaeologists has been at work on the snakelike monument and here they report on their findings. This decisive period of history saw the demise of the Western Roman Empire and the eventual emergence of the Caliphate, expanding at the expense of the Sassanid and Eastern Roman Empires. the 5th or 6th century). Whether or not they were parts of a single barrier, the Gorgan and Tammisheh Walls and their associated forts certainly formed part of the same defensive system. Visitors still can appreciate here its position and how the Wall takes advantage of the natural topography; it normally occupies high ground, to facilitate surveillance and defence. This wall relates to the late of Sassanid era which has been constructed to prevent from invading … The Great Wall of Gorgan, le livre audio de Charles River Editors à télécharger. Advanced Search… Photos Loading.... 0 other related photos... Use this tag in Flickr to mark depictions of this place's site(s): pleiades:depicts=963101073. At 195 km long, the wall is second only to the Great Wall of China as the longest defensive wall in existence, but until recently, nobody knew who had built it. The Tentative Lists of States Parties are published by the World Heritage Centre at its website and/or in working documents in order to ensure transparency, access to information and to facilitate harmonization of Tentative Lists at regional and thematic levels. The Tammisheh Wall, and probably the Great Wall of Gorgan, extended into territory now submerged in the Caspian Sea, due to a rise of its water-level, they shed unique light on human interaction with the environment, the world’s largest inland Sea and the steppes of Eurasia. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion While preservation varies from place to place and tends to be better in the east than in the west, the Wall is still recognisable as a distinct landscape feature for most of its course. The Sassanid military barriers and fortifications in the Gorgan Plain provide evidence how effective defence, or the lack of it, could contribute to security and prosperity of empires. The system is remarkable not only in terms of its physical scale, but even more so in terms of its technical sophistication. 40 ha size. Together with canals and associated settlement in the steppe north of the Gorgan Wall of an earlier period (c. 8th-5th centuries BC), they shed unique light on human interaction with the environment, the world’s largest inland Sea and the steppes of Eurasia. The Great Wall of Gorgan is particularly well preserved in the hilly landscape in the east. The Great Wall of Gorgan: The History of the Ancient Near East's Longest Defensive Wall: Charles River Editors: Amazon.sg: Books Undoubtedly, the Great Wall of Gorgan is not just one of the largest monuments of its kind anywhere in the world, but also one that could only be built by architects and surveyors which were exceptionally skilled and creative. In order to enable construction works, canals had to be dug along the course of the defensive barrier, to provide the water needed for brick production. | Skip to navigation. Contact; Help; Personal tools. Both walls employed large fired bricks of similar shape and size, both are lined by an earth bank and ditch (supplied with water by canals) and by batteries of virtually identical brick kilns, both are protected by similar forts and both run from the Alborz Mountains to the Caspian Sea. While it is shorter than the "Limes" in Germany, two thirds of which are protected by a rampart rather than a wall, the Gorgan Wall forms a more formidable obstacle. At the same time, the Sassanid Empire also had the resources to create in the hinterland of the Wall a large city, Dasht Qal’eh, of 3 km2 interior size and with monumental architecture, notably brick pillar avenues. The publication of the Tentative Lists does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever of the World Heritage Committee or of the World Heritage Centre or of the Secretariat of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its boundaries. In one of them, rectangular enclosures in neat double rows have been found, the remnants of a tent city, probably of a mobile field army. Further evidence for a high level of organization of the Sassanian armed forces is provided by hinterland campaign bases, each of ca. The Gorgan Wall and its associated ancient military monuments provide a unique testimony to the engineering skills and military organization of the Sassanian Empire. It is commonly known as “the Red Snake” because of the construction materials used, red colored bricks. The Great Wall is an almost 200 km long complex and sophisticated defensive system. There was no stone or timber in the steppe; it is just made of bricks. Undoubtedly, the Great Wall of Gorgan is not just one of the largest monuments of its kind anywhere in the world, but also one that could only be built by architects and surveyors which were exceptionally skilled and creative. The Great Wall of Gorgan stretches for almost 200 km and is lined by 38 forts. The Great Wall of Gorgon is an incredible and sophisticated defensive construction located in north-eastern Iran; it has around 30 military forts, an aqueduct, and water channels that go along the route. At the same time, the Sassanid Empire also had the resources to create in the hinterland of the Wall a large city, Dasht Qal’eh, of 3 km2 interior size and with monumental architecture, notably brick pillar avenues. 40 ha size. While of lesser physical length than some of the ancient Chinese barriers, in terms of the scale of its forts and hinterland fortifications, it also rivals similar monuments in ancient China. Situated in the city of Gorgan, the capital of northern Golestan province, the defensive wall is about 200 km in length and it was built to prevent the invasion of the northern tribes. While of lesser physical length than some of the ancient Chinese barriers, in terms of the scale of its forts and hinterland fortifications, it also rivals similar monuments in ancient China. Criterion (v): The Tammisheh Wall, and probably the Great Wall of Gorgan, extended into territory now submerged in the Caspian Sea, due to a rise of its water-level. It is also more than three times the length of the longest late Roman defensive wall. They help to explain its geographic extent, from Mesopotamia to the west of the Indian Subcontinent, and how effective border defence contributed to the Empire’s prosperity in the interior and to its longevity. This wall is known as ‘The Great Wall of Gorgan’ or ‘the Red Snake’. Criterion (iv): The Great Wall of Gorgan and contemporary defensive monuments in the Gorgan Plain are of great interest also in shedding light on the particular period of history when they were built and occupied (5th-7th centuries AD). Thus, due to its interaction with civilizations and cultures and its strategic location, carries important contents from the past. The system of it is remarkable in terms of its physical scale and its technical sophistication. Navigation. In terms of scale and sophistication, the Great Wall of Gorgan is unmatched anywhere in western Asia, Eastern Europe, Africa or America. This required a supplier canal system of extraordinary scale and sophistication (see introduction), not to mention one brick kiln every 37-86 m, maybe 3,000-7,000 in total. The forts were filled with barracks of standardized design, suggesting that the Sassanian army was well organized. At the present point in time some of the monuments in questions still retain much of their original building materials, anyhow it is our aim to ensure much better protection of the authentic elements of this unique heritage. S'identifier ≡ This was the time when the Persian Empire, under the Sassanian dynasty, was involved in a series of wars at its northern frontier, first against the Hephthalites or White Huns and later against the Turks. Retrouvez The Great Wall of Gorgan: The History of the Ancient Near East’s Longest Defensive Wall et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Both walls employed large fired bricks of similar shape and size, both are lined by an earth bank and ditch (supplied with water by canals) and by batteries of virtually identical brick kilns, both are protected by similar forts and both run from the Alborz Mountains to the Caspian Sea. 123 689 membres. La publication des Listes indicatives ne saurait être interprétée comme exprimant une prise de position de la part du Comité du patrimoine mondial, du Centre du patrimoine mondial ou du Secrétariat de l'UNESCO concernant le statut juridique d'un pays, d'un territoire, d'une ville, d'une zone ou de leurs frontières. the 5th or 6th century). May 24, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Sa Sa 2. Iran, 44, 2006, pp. The canals, of course, as well as pits within the forts are still largely preserved, though canal banks have also has some damages. Les noms des biens figurent dans la langue dans laquelle les États parties les ont soumis. It rivals or surpasses its grandest Roman counterparts in dimensions and complexity. Log in; Skip to content. This is all the more remarkable as this Empire stretched from modern south-east Turkey to Pakistan and from modern Dagestan (Russia) into the Arabian Peninsula. Criterion (i): The Great Wall of Gorgan posed exceptional engineering challenges. Thus, due to its interaction with upper mentioned civilizations and cultures and its strategic location, carries important contents from the past. Great Wall of Gorgan is part of WikiProject Central Asia, a project to improve all Central Asia-related articles. Il s'agit de l'une des nombreuses portes de la Caspienne situées à l'est d'une région connue pendant l'Antiquité sous le nom d'Hyrcania, sur la route reliant les steppes du nord au centre iranien. At the present point in time some of the monuments in questions still retain much of their original building materials, anyhow it is our aim to ensure much better protection of the authentic elements of this unique heritage. The Great Wall of Gorgon is an incredible and sophisticated defensive construction located in north-eastern Iran; it has around 30 military forts, an aqueduct, and water channels that go along the route. The Great Wall of China, by contrast, varies hugely in terms of size, quality and material from place to place. It is said to be the longest architectural work of ancient Iran, which was built in 90 years. Appel gratuit 0800 94 80 12 Me connecter The Great Wall of Gorgan is one of the most elaborate defensive barriers ever erected and arguably the most sophisticated of its time (i.e. The route of the Gorgan Wall and the associated canal had to follow a natural gradient, evidence for remarkable skills in hydraulic engineering by its creators. Like the frontiers of the Roman Empire and the Great Wall of China it deserves World Heritage status. Home; Places; Credits; Participate; Blog; Documentation; Downloads; Search . The Great Wall of Gorgan is a series of ancient defensive fortifications located near Gorgan in the Golestān Province of northeastern Iran, at the southeastern corner of the Caspian Sea. In the early 7th century the Empire even controlled Yemen and, briefly, the eastern Levant. 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The route of the Gorgan Wall and the associated canal had to follow a natural gradient, evidence for remarkable skills in hydraulic engineering by its creators. La muraille de Gorgan, surnommée le Serpent rouge, est un système de défense de l'époque sassanide situé près de Gorgan, dans la province du Golestān, dans le nord-est de l'Iran, au sud-est de la mer Caspienne. Excavations in Fort 4 have demonstrated that the original mud-brick walls of these, probably two-storey-high, buildings survive to a height of more than three metres. They help to explain its geographic extent, from Mesopotamia to the west of the Indian Subcontinent, and how effective border defence contributed to the Empire’s prosperity in the interior and to its longevity. Thus, due to its interaction with upper mentioned civilizations and cultures and its strategic location, carries important contents from the past. While it is shorter than the "Limes" in Germany, two thirds of which are protected by a rampart rather than a wall, the Gorgan Wall forms a more formidable obstacle. Together with canals and associated settlement in the steppe north of the Gorgan Wall of an earlier period (c. 8th-5th centuries BC), they shed unique light on human interaction with the environment, the world’s largest inland Sea and the steppes of Eurasia. The combined area of the forts on the Gorgan Wall exceeds that of those on Hadrian’s Wall about threefold. Like the frontiers of the Roman Empire and the Great Wall of China it deserves World Heritage status. This was the time when the Persian Empire, under the Sassanian dynasty, was involved in a series of wars at its northern frontier, first against the Hephthalites or White Huns and later against the Turks. The Gorgan Wall is also longer than any of the Roman linear walls, e.g. Visitors still can appreciate here its position and how the Wall takes advantage of the natural topography; it normally occupies high ground, to facilitate surveillance and defence. The Great Wall of Gorgan, Golestan Province, in northern Iran was built from 420s AD to 530s AD; it is then occupied until the 7th century. The Great Wall of Gorgan posed exceptional engineering challenges. Whilst much of the brick wall itself has been robbed, some sections survive to up to 1.50 m height, whilst in others only the bottom courses remain. Nom local Fort ۴, Great Wall of Gorgan Position Central District, Iran La muraille de Gorgan, surnommée le Serpent rouge, est un système de défense de l'époque sassanide situé près de Gorgan, dans la province du Golestān, dans le nord-est de l'Iran, au sud-est de la mer Caspienne. The Great Wal l of Gorgan, also known as the ‘Red Snake’, is a defense system located in the northern Iranian province of Golestan. Criterion (ii):  The Great Wall of Gorgan, and the associated extensive military infrastructure in its hinterland, is of a larger scale than any known purpose-built military monument of earlier times in the Near East. The Great Wall of Gorgan and the Wall of Tammishe ». The Tammisheh Wall, and probably the Great Wall of Gorgan, extended into territory now submerged in the Caspian Sea, due to a rise of its water-level, they shed unique light on human interaction with the environment, the world’s largest inland Sea and the steppes of Eurasia. The Gorgan Wall is also longer than any of the Roman linear walls, e.g. This includes but is not limited to Afghanistan , Kazakhstan , Kyrgyzstan , Mongolia , Tajikistan , Tibet , Turkmenistan , Uzbekistan , Xinjiang and Central Asian portions of Iran , Pakistan and Russia , region-specific topics, and anything else related to Central Asia. The Great Wall of Gorgan, Golestan Province, in northern Iran was built from 420s AD to 530s AD; it is then occupied until the 7th century. © UNESCO World Heritage Centre 1992-2020 The Great Wall of Gorgan was used much longer than the better known Roman walls to keep enemies at bay. 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The Sassanid military barriers and fortifications in the Gorgan Plain provide evidence how effective defence, or the lack of it, could contribute to security and prosperity of empires, to their fall or survival.