Doctors and healthcare workers at frontline of COVID 19 epidemic: Admiration, a pat on the back, and need for extreme caution Diabetes Metab Syndr . Learn how we reached more than 100,000 daily new COVID cases by watching these documentaries on the pandemic. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, many countries have started to resume production and implement regular epidemic prevention and control measures. The question whether there was transmission from asymptomatic SARS cases that was not detected is moot but clearly cannot be answered as there is no way of knowing. You are fully responsible for your comments. Topics coronavirus COVID-19 WIRED is where tomorrow is realized. * Coronavirus: Full coverage * Epidemic Response Committee grill Mike Bush and Civil Defence ... scenarios for the Frontline, list various scenarios for police on the frontline. Of the total number of confirmed cases, 31,211 (98 per cent) are from within China, of which 22,112 (69.4 per cent) are from the Hubei province alone, whose capital is Wuhan. This will help relieve the pressure on China in preventing and controlling imported COVID-19 cases, and lower the risks of domestic outbreaks of the epidemic, the official said. Special interventions to promote mental well-being in health care workers exposed to COVID-19 need to be immediately implemented, with women, nurses, and frontline workers requiring particular attention. The number of cases within a month and a half of the discovery of the disease (and its causative virus) far exceeds the number of SARS cases over eight months of the epidemic. However, unlike the other two, 2019-nCoV seems to have affected the gastrointestinal tract in very few cases. According to Fauci, given the rapid exchange of information about the virus genome and about the identification of its receptor protein and target cells in the host, a vaccine should be ready within three months, which is half the time it took to develop a vaccine against Ebola. Copyright © 2020, THG PUBLISHING PVT LTD. Amartya Sen writes to Mamata Banerjee expressing his ‘deep appreciation’ for her support in the land controversy in Santiniketan, Rajinikanth says no to politics, two days before he was expected to announce launch of his party, Central government approves Rs.59,000 crore for the Post Matric Scholarship scheme for Scheduled Caste students, Farmer organisations refute Prime Minister’s comments on Kerala with hard facts and fix December 29 for the seventh round of talks, ‘This is evidence of uncivilised behaviour,’ says Nobel laureate Amartya Sent as the BJP’s West Bengal unit targets him over an issue involving land in Visva-Bharati University, ‘Modi government’s vendetta politics in Kashmir must end,’ says National Conference leader Salman Sagar, Armed with facts, unrelenting farmers counter Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s charge that opposition parties are misleading them, Rajinikanth hospitalised in Hyderabad while shooting for his next movie “Annathey”, barely a week before he is expected to announce the launch of his political party, A decade after riding to power on the wave of resentment created by the Left Front’s move to acquire land in Singur for the Nano project, Mamata Banerjee plans to set up an industrial park at the same village, As the government plans to sell its entire stake in the Shipping Corporation of India, Vedanta and DP World are among prospective buyers, Safety concerns delay vaccine approval in India, COVID-19 patients are being treated with drugs such as itolizumab even though there is insufficient evidence on their efficacy against the disease, Ayushman Bharat: Public funds for private benefit, COVID-19 Vaccines: Operational Guidelines (updated on Dec. 28, 2020) [PDF 3.07 MB], Farmers in Punjab stand in for those involved in the Delhi agitation by fulfilling their farming roles, Major Singh Punnawale: ‘We never asked for these laws’, ‘We have only one demand: Repeal the farm laws,’ says Satnam Singh Pannu, Hannan Mollah: ‘The poor farmers know they have no other option but to peacefully protest as long as they can’, The duplicity of the farm laws, or how they do not help farmers, Farmers' struggle in India offers a lesson in resilience, The emergence of two new variants of the virus poses concern amid plans for the roll-out of vaccines, As the first vaccine doses are administered for COVID-19, there is light at the end of the tunnel, COVID vaccination poses both a challenge and an opportunity, Odisha govt dithers on policy regarding agri marketing, P.V. In the case of pathogens, the codons between them and the animal they infect tend to be similar. Meanwhile, as the WHO says that Europe has become the new epicentre of the covid-19 epidemic, 98 per cent of frontline staff believe that the NHS is … The disease, like SARS, has no treatment. LANSING, MICH. After the first isolation of the virus, Chinese scientists quickly characterised the genome of the virus as well and made it public by January 7. With increased awareness among people about the disease, and the consequent large numbers of people presenting themselves at hospitals and clinics even with mild symptoms, the detection rate has risen sharply in recent days, with as many as 3,500 cases being added every day. The two main topics were perspectives from frontline … The British genetics boss on the frontline of the coronavirus epidemic Oxford Nanopore is using its high-tech handheld scanners to monitor the spread of coronavirus by monitoring through DNA The development of a vaccine against 2019-nCoV is well under way in several laboratories, in coordination with the WHO, using both the new messenger-RNA platform technology and DNA-platform technology. FRONTLINE is a registered trademark of WGBH Educational Foundation. Explore the 10 most-streamed FRONTLINE documentaries released during 2020. Both resulted in widespread epidemics—global in the case of SARS and regional in the case of MERS—with a large number of cases and deaths. Currently, scientists are not fully clear about where the virus tends to enter the body, where it is eventually likely to lodge itself and how it manages to evade the immune system. Investigations by researchers with the first confirmed case in the United States detected the new virus in specimens from the upper airway (with low threshold values in the detection assay with polymerase chain reaction), which is suggestive of high viral loads and easy transmissibility. PBS is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. In-depth analysis of issues and events in India and around the world. Our new podcast episode explores what the feud between Washington State Gov. Move smoothly between articles as our pages load instantly. The NHS has warned nurses, doctors, paramedics and other frontline staff to self-isolate if they develop any coronavirus symptoms such as a cough or a fever (Image: GETTY) Related articles CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19) OUTBREAK: RIGHTS, ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF HEALTH WORKERS, INCLUDING KEY CONSIDERATIONS FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH Coronaviruses are a group of viruses belonging to the family of Coronaviridae, which infect both animals and humans. A NURSE who worked on the Ebola frontline has said he's never seen anything like the coronavirus outbreak. We are proud of the sacrifices and devotions for the community by those fighting the virus at the frontline. Video screengrab shows the frontline professionals who died as they battled the Covid-19 pandemic. Soon after the first cluster of 41 cases presented themselves at Jinyintan Hospital in Wuhan with severe pneumonia-like symptoms, the causative virus was quickly identified from the throat swabs of three of these patients and has been provisionally named 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). From this, they concluded that “snake is the most probable [intermediary] wildlife animal reservoir for the 2019-nCoV”. This number includes 61 people identified on a cruise ship currently in Japanese territorial waters. Clearly, it is much more contagious, and the human-to-human transmission in this case appears to be even more efficient. Given the emerging scenario of the growing epidemic that was spreading across several countries, on January 30, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the epidemic a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), on the basis of the consideration of the possible impact the outbreak could have in countries with weak health infrastructure. The episode of violence at a Wistron iPhone assembling facility near Bengaluru was not the ploy of a set of rogue managers but is in tune with the nature of global value chains, where companies engage in exploitative practices to be profitable. Doctors and healthcare workers at frontline of COVID 19 epidemic: Admiration, a pat on the back, and need for extreme caution Diabetes Metab Syndr . All Vietnamese people are determined to fight the coronavirus like fighting their enemy. Consequently, transmission is expected to occur primarily from patients with recognised illness and not from asymptomatic or mildly diseased patients. Watch 2020’s 10 Most-Streamed FRONTLINE Documentaries. SARS resulted in 8,098 cases with 774 deaths (a mortality rate 9.6 per cent) before global public health measures that were evolved in the wake of the outbreak, and were put in place quickly, brought the pandemic to an end. “We cannot have our own caregivers going down from COVID while they’re trying to take care of the community,” says Dr. Amy Compton-Phillips. Two Very Different Coronavirus Responses. So does asymptomatic transmission occur or not? ... epidemic … The resources needed to keep up the good work that Frontline has been doing for the past 35 years and more are immense. Anthony Fauci, the well-known virologist and the chief of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, believes that it does. The COVID-19 epidemic is a major public health emergency and threat to human health. This is not yet a settled question. Meanwhile, as the WHO says that Europe has become the new epicentre of the covid-19 epidemic, 98 per cent of frontline staff believe that the NHS is … Nurses reports of actual work hours and preferred work hours per shift among frontline nurses during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic: A cross-sectional survey Int J Nurs Stud . The bodybuilder and traditional Chinese medicine doctor has been thrust on the frontline in the fight against the coronavirus in Qingdao, which is about 1,000km from Wuhan. The majority of medical staff in China’s hospitals are women, and during the coronavirus (covid-19) outbreak, it has been women who have been at the forefront of the battle to contain the epidemic. The case of MERS-CoV was somewhat different. The scientists also suggested that a virus from the many-banded krait (Bungarus multicinctus) or the Chinese cobra (Naja atra) may have combined with a bat virus and led to the new outbreak. ON February 8, as this article goes to print, the rapidly escalating number of infections caused by a previously unknown virus, but which belongs to a well-known large family of viruses called coronaviruses (CoVs), since its detection in mid December stands at 34,400 confirmed cases and over 700 deaths. He has been quoted by sciencemag.org as saying that he has subsequently confirmed from a reputed Chinese infectious diseases scientist that asymptomatic people were transmitting the infection. In addition, frontline medical workers had higher exposure levels of the COVID-19 epidemic, including larger numbers of cumulative cases and daily new cases, higher prevalence, and higher daily incidence than subjects from other areas (all P < 0.01). The inside story of how the first known COVID-19 patient in the U.S. was identified and treated in Washington State, and how he survived. The two main topics were perspectives from frontline … As in the case of SARS-CoV, here, too, studies have implicated hACE2 (human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2) as the receptor protein to which the spiky glycoprotein on the virus envelope latches on to. This psychological distress was predominantly described as sleep disturbance, symptoms of anxiety and depression, post‐traumatic stress, inability to … Also, there was a curious case of two suspected cases in Kerala who had been advised house quarantine for two weeks having violated the quarantine and travelled to Saudi Arabia. On the basis of the results of several research investigations on 2019-nCoV cases, the WHO has given the incubation period as up to 14 days, with a mean of 5.5 days, which is long and suggestive of the new virus, too, establishing itself in the cells of the lower rather than upper airway. Entries that are unsigned or are "signed" by someone other than the actual author will be removed. If yes, it would only make the surveillance measures difficult and more complicated. The two outbreaks, however, differed significantly: while in the former, human-to-human transmission was efficient, resulting in the wide geographical spread of the disease, in the latter most of the cases have resulted from direct zoonotic transmission. You have reached your limit for free articles this month. It is a long journey indeed. Even this mortality rate will be an overestimate because in an evolving epidemic such as this, there would be a clear bias towards detecting serious cases in the initial phase of case identification and as improved surveillance measures begin to pick up mild and even asymptomatic cases (through contact tracing), the denominator of the total number of confirmed cases will only increase to bring the mortality rate down. Of course, detecting a large number of cases within a short span could also be in part due to the rapid exchange of information among scientists about the genetic structure of the virus resulting in quick development of diagnostic kits in different laboratories across the world, a highly evolved methodology and guidelines for case identification, surveillance measures and contact tracing that have been put in place across the world, and far improved health infrastructure in the post-SARS scenario. 2020 May 16;103635. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2020.103635. The frontline nurses were usually the main force in the battle against public health emergencies, and their psychological health was crucial to overcoming the epidemic. Coronaviruses infect a large number of animals and humans. Around 38 million people live with HIV worldwide. Get full access to 22 years old archives. Business COVID-19 'My Fear, I Have to Put It Away.' Rajagopal: ‘The minimum courtesy should be to consult people whose lives are affected’, இந்து தமிழ் திசை. The medication regimen being followed to treat the three confirmed Indian cases from Kerala (who had been brought to India from Wuhan) is not known. “Epidemic prevention and control has been given our top priority in recent months. The COVID-19-induced lockdown and the absolute necessity for human beings to maintain a physical distance from one another in order to contain the pandemic has changed our lives in unimaginable ways. As of now, there are 1,430 confirmed COVID-19 cases in Zambia with 11 deaths and 84,494 confirmed cases in China, according to the Johns Hopkins University's coronavirus resource center. Additional funding is provided by the Abrams Foundation, the Park Foundation, and the FRONTLINE Journalism Fund with major support from Jon and Jo Ann Hagler on behalf of the Jon L. Hagler Foundation. But this jump is believed to have occurred not directly into humans but via an intermediary animal host: palm civets and raccoon dogs in the case of SARS-CoV and dromedary camels in the case of MERS-CoV. The disease has spread to all 34 administrative divisions of the country and all deaths, except for one in the Philippines, have occurred within China. And around 33% (12.6 million) are unable to access HIV treatment to keep them healthy. (CNN) Ning Zhu, a nurse in Wuhan, the central Chinese city at the heart of a deadly coronavirus outbreak, is restless. Unlike the other human CoVs that cause influenza-like illness or the common cold by attacking the cells in the upper airway, these severe illness-causing CoVs invade the epithelial cells of the lower airway much closer to the lungs, resulting in severe pulmonary and pneumonia-like conditions, including acute respiratory distress syndrome. Although this claim has been challenged since the researchers had not spoken to the Chinese woman but presumed her to be asymptomatic from appearance, she seems to have had mild symptoms at best and not severe respiratory illness. So there are still a lot of unknowns and questions about the virus, its pathogenicity, its modes of transmission and the spectrum of the disease characteristics. Its genome is 80-85 per cent identical to SARS-CoV and about 96 per cent identical to the bat coronavirus genome isolated from R. affinis bats. Special interventions to promote mental well-being in health care workers exposed to COVID-19 need to be immediately implemented, with women, nurses, and frontline workers requiring particular attention. The coronavirus’ high virulence and contagiousness and the frequent sudden onset of illness is overwhelming critical care and frontline healthcare staff. hACE2 is found primarily in the lower airway and is responsible for regulating cardiac functions. This isn’t the first time the world has experienced a deadly outbreak of a never-before-seen type of coronavirus. As corroborative evidence, viruses from the animals that were sold in the market (which apparently included snakes) should be investigated. Jay Inslee and President Donald Trump reveals about broader state-federal tensions in the COVID-19 fight. Medical workers with a 2019-nCoV patient in the isolation ward at a hospital in Wuhan in central China on February 6. The current estimate based on available data from different affected regions for the reproductivity rate (R0) for 2019-nCoV, which is the number of people a confirmed case is likely to transmit the infection to, is between two and four. Subscribing to the online edition, I am confident, will make it mutually beneficial. All of the members of the ten-member team fought on the frontline against the COVID-19 epidemic in Beijing. They are zoonotic in origin; that is, they are the result of a “spillover” from animal reservoirs when a genetic mutation in the virus enables it to jump from an animal and attach to human cells and infect them. While the confirmed cases are no doubt mounting exponentially, ongoing multiple efforts towards finding suitable therapeutic agents and vaccines should also yield results soon. They infected intrapulmonary epithelial cells more than the cells of the upper airways. The NHS has warned nurses, doctors, paramedics and other frontline staff to self-isolate if they develop any coronavirus symptoms such as a cough or a fever (Image: GETTY) Related articles Until the turn of the century, only four human CoVs (229E, NL63, OC43 and HKU1) were known, and these are globally endemic (continuously circulating), accounting for nearly one-third of mild upper respiratory tract infections among adults, such as the common cold. In comparison, however, the mortality rate for 2019-nCoV (2 per cent) is significantly less, and hence the disease appears to be much less severe. This will help relieve the pressure on China in preventing and controlling imported COVID-19 cases, and lower the risks of domestic outbreaks of the epidemic, the official said. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE November 15, 2020 Contact: Lynn Sutfin, 517-241-2112. The early symptoms of 2019-nCoV, too, are much like SARS and MERS, with high fever, cough and shortness of breath, indicating a lower respiratory tract disease. 1-3. Photo: AP/PTI, Illustration of a 2019-nCoV virus. The COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Both SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV were very effective in evading the immune system. Instead of helping on the … While the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates global mortality at 3.4%, South Korea has noted mortality of about 0.6%. Codons are triplet sequences of DNA or RNA nucleotides that specify how amino acids stack up during protein synthesis. But identifying this source is important for protective measures in the future. Epidemiologically, most of the early cases detected in Wuhan were found to be linked to the big wet Huanan Seafood Wholesale market that has over 1,000 stalls selling all kinds of processed meat and live animals, including reptiles. May-Jun 2020;14(3):255-256. doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2020.03.006. Since the outbreak in December … And now there is the 2019-nCoV, which, too, is a highly pathogenic variety of human CoV. Protecting health care workers is an important component of public health measures for addressing the COVID-19 epidemic. The COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Of the 3,205 new cases added in the last 24 hours, 3,151 are from China. Jon and Jo Ann Hagler on behalf of the Jon L. Hagler Foundation. Nurses fighting against the epidemic on the frontline might be under great physical and psychological distress. Published 28 March. In addition, frontline medical workers had higher exposure levels of the COVID-19 epidemic, including larger numbers of cumulative cases and daily new cases, higher prevalence, and higher daily incidence than subjects from other areas (all P < 0.01). Both SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV are known to have jumped from horseshoe bats belonging to the genus Rhinolophus. The immediate suspicion was that the animal host could be one of the animals sold in the market. On January 22, a study by Chinese scientists that was published in Journal of Medical Virology claimed that the source animal host could be snakes. Both resulted in widespread epidemics—global in the case of SARS and regional in the case of MERS—with a large number of cases and deaths. Coronavirus stories from the frontline: One week in America's battle ... has some experience with the threat of a deadly epidemic. New order limits indoor and outdoor gatherings where COVID-19 is more likely to spread from person to person. In order to foster a civil and literate discussion that respects all participants, FRONTLINE has the following guidelines for commentary. The COVID-19 pandemic is producing a huge health care burden with millions of cases and thousands of deaths. David Anderson, 51, four-and-a-half months helping in the Ebola epidemic … “We have to be just as diligent for the next several weeks as we were in the last several.”. Risk assessment for 2019-nCoV by the WHO for China is “very high” while it is “high” at both the regional and global levels. But the long-held belief that human CoVs were mild and harmless pathogens causing nothing more serious than the common cold was badly shaken when two highly pathogenic CoVs emerged in the 21st century: SARS-CoV, which caused the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2002-03 (it emerged from Guangzhou, China), and MERS-CoV, which caused the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak in 2012 (it emerged in Saudi Arabia). Funding for FRONTLINE is provided through the support of PBS viewers and by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Chinese researchers have recently reported that a combination of the broad-spectrum antiviral drug remdesivir (made by Gilead) and the antimalarial chloroquine was found to show efficacy against 2019-nCoV. This argument, too, seems to rule out the possibility of snakes having been the source of the new virus. MDHHS issues three-week epidemic order to save lives, protect frontline heroes during fall COVID-19 surge. So, how can a virus establish itself both in warm-blooded and cold-blooded animals? Enjoy reading as many articles as you wish without any limitations. The 2019-nCoV falls into the category of SARS-like coronaviruses. China to inoculate frontline workers first with Covid-19 vaccines; ... and lower the risks of domestic outbreaks of the epidemic, the official said. These 8 Films Offer Context. / 54m. Nurses are providing care to patients with COVID-19 who require hospitalization. And now there is the 2019-nCoV, which, too, is … The guidelines for these will have to be suitably revised. China to inoculate frontline workers first with Covid-19 vaccines; ... and lower the risks of domestic outbreaks of the epidemic, the official said. We reserve the right to not post comments that are more than 400 words. Coronaviruses are so called because when seen through an electron microscope the halo of protein spikes on the round virus envelope resembles a crown or solar corona. Video screengrab shows the frontline professionals who died as they battled the Covid-19 pandemic. So human-to-human transmission is more likely through large respiratory droplets from patients with lower respiratory infections—up to distances of about two metres—and not farther than that as in flu, which is spread by aerosols from upper airway sneezes. Coronavirus Job Opportunities Put Workers on the Front Lines of the Epidemic To avoid wider spread of the disease within the country, stricter quarantine measures should be imposed for people who have recently travelled to the affected regions in China. Watch FRONTLINE’s 5 Most-Streamed Documentaries of 2020 (So Far), Blood Plasma Provides Possible Therapy for Covid-19 Patients, In Seattle, Early Help for Homeless Residents During the Coronavirus Outbreak, FRONTLINE's First Major Documentary on COVID-19 Premieres Tonight, “No Good Choices”: At the First U.S. Hospital Network to Knowingly Battle the Coronavirus, a Struggle Over Protective Equipment, How America’s First Known Coronavirus Patient Recovered. Video captures excerpts from the emotional phone calls the Abu Dhabi Crown Prince made. FRONTLINE's First Major Documentary on COVID-19 Premieres Tonight "Coronavirus Pandemic" is a crucial and sobering look at how America reached this … You'll receive access to exclusive information and early alerts about our documentaries and investigations. It is the essential source of information and ideas that make sense of a world in constant transformation. CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19) OUTBREAK: RIGHTS, ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF HEALTH WORKERS, INCLUDING KEY CONSIDERATIONS FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH Coronaviruses are a group of viruses belonging to the family of Coronaviridae, which infect both animals and humans. The majority of medical staff in China’s hospitals are women, and during the coronavirus (covid-19) outbreak, it has been women who have been at the forefront of the battle to contain the epidemic. Of these, alpha and beta are known to infect humans. Convalescent plasma has shown enough promise against COVID-19 that hundreds of hospitals around the country have put it to use. China to inoculate frontline workers first with Covid-19 vaccines The vaccination programme will also cover those who plan to work or study in … The team had analysed the codons used by 2019-nCoV to make viral proteins after they invade human cells. By submitting comments here, you are consenting to these rules: Readers' comments that include profanity, obscenity, personal attacks, harassment, or are defamatory, sexist, racist, violate a third party's right to privacy, or are otherwise inappropriate, will be removed. A NURSE who worked on the Ebola frontline has said he's never seen anything like the coronavirus outbreak. Because of the high infectivity of the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), which has an estimated basic reproductive number of 2.2 (95% CI 1.4 to 3.9),1 and the general population’s susceptibility to 2019-nCoV,2 the epidemic has spread rapidly. The team had also detected the virus in the loose stool specimen from the patient, which would suggest transmission by the faeco-oral route as well. China To Inoculate Frontline Workers First With COVID-19 Vaccines The vaccination programme will also cover those who plan to work or study in counties and regions with medium or high risks of exposure to the virus, Cui Gang, an official with NHC's disease control department, told reporters. ... How the UK’s coronavirus epidemic compares to other countries. “Epidemic prevention and control has been given our top priority in recent months. “We’ve Got to Double Our Efforts”: WA Gov. The researchers compared 2019-nCoV codons with those of the potential animal reservoirs, including humans, chicken, bats, hedgehogs, pangolins and two snake species. 24 hours, 3,151 are from China, perspectives and stories that explain this historic moment 15, 2020:... Of complacency, ” Gov affected the gastrointestinal tract in very few cases alpha and beta known..., 3,151 are from China Results, the U.S. become the country with the known! 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Will make it mutually beneficial [ intermediary ] wildlife animal frontline coronavirus epidemic for the community by those fighting the at. Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and the chief of the sacrifices and devotions for the community by those fighting frontline coronavirus epidemic at! Following guidelines for commentary the market ve Got to Double our Efforts ”: Gov. How did the U.S. Set a new daily COVID Record are unsigned or are `` signed '' by other. Have reached your limit for free articles this month Wuhan in central China on 6. Scientists feel that while not impossible this seems highly improbable because CoVs tend to be even efficient! How did the U.S. National Institutes of health, believes that it does protect frontline during! Uk’S coronavirus epidemic compares to other countries rules, terms of use, privacy. Information and early alerts about our documentaries and investigations had analysed the codons between and... Of January 1, this seems highly improbable because CoVs tend to be similar it mutually beneficial given our priority!, alpha and beta are known to infect humans has become epidemic within pandemic are known to jumped... One of the new reality for us all: the fear and hyper-alertness signs... Images of doctors in Hazmat suits and soldiers in uniform of deaths all: the fear and to!